TMD, also known as TMJ, TMJ syndrome, or Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction, is an ailment that arises in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). These are actually 2 joints that connect the lower jaw to the skull and allow various movements like chewing, crushing, and biting. TMJs are considered the most complex joints in the body since they help with a wide range of functions that our mouth can perform. TMD is a problem that occurs when these joints and their surrounding muscles or ligaments are not aligned properly.
Signs and Symptoms of TMD (TMJ)
There are three forms of TMD, according to the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research. These include Myofascial pain, which is also the most common type of TMD, internal derangement of the joint, and degenerative joint disease. The signs and symptoms of all three overlap to some extent with discomfort and limited movement of the respective joints.
Common signs and symptoms of TMD are as follows:
Soreness and discomfort of the jaws are more frequent in the morning or late afternoon, although it is not necessary for the pain to occur at these specific times.
Pain that spreads all the way behind the eyes, face, shoulder, neck, and back.
Ringing ears or pain inside the ear which is not a result of an infection or injury.
Popping and clicking of jaws.
Restricted movement of the mouth.
Clenching and grinding of teeth.
Increased sensitivity of teeth even in the absence of oral disease.
Numbness or tingling in fingers.
Changes in the way the upper and lower jaw fit together.
It is estimated that 5 to 12% of the global population suffers from TMD. It is an ailment that is relatively uncommon but requires treatment as soon as it is discovered.
Traditional orthodontics is a field of dentistry that involves diagnosing, treating, and preventing malocclusions (misaligned…
At Orthodontics of the Black Hills, our mission is to provide whole-person and patient-specific orthodontics/orthopedics that promote well-being and provide smiles that are not only esthetic but healthy.
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